If there is word of something, people receive news or information about it.
There is no word from the authorities on the reported attack.
①the word 命令，指示
【If someone gives the word to do something, they give an order to do it】
I want nothing said about this until I give the word.
②lost for words (尤指因非常吃惊而)说不出话来，无以言表
【If someone is lost for words, they cannot think of anything to say, especially because they are very surprised by something.】
She was gaping at it, lost for words.
③take sb at their word 对…说的话信以为真
【If you take someone at their word, you believe what they say, when they did not really mean it or when they meant something slightly different.】
They're willing to take him at his word when he says, 'Oh, I made mistakes and now I'll change.'
④from the word go 从一开始
【If you do something from the word go, you do it from the very beginning of a period of time or situation.】
It's essential you make the right decisions from the word go.
⑤have a word with sb 短时间的谈话;短暂的聊天
【If you have a word with someone, you have a short conversation with them.】
I think it's time you had a word with him.
If you glean something such as information or knowledge, you learn or collect it slowly and patiently, and perhaps indirectly.
①At present we're gleaning information from all sources.
②10,000 pages of evidence were gleaned from hundreds and hundreds of interviews.
③From his own conversation I was able to glean nothing.
除此之外，它的本义是“（在农场中）收割，摘取”【 to pick up small amounts of the crops left in a field after they have been cut and collected by the farmer】
If you hear or learn something on the grapevine, you hear it or learn it in casual conversation with other people.
①He'd doubtless heard rumours on the grapevine.
②I had heard through the grapevine that he was quite critical of what we were doing.
If someone who is in a public place is paged, they receive a message, often over a speaker, telling them that someone is trying to contact them.
①He was paged repeatedly as the flight was boarding.
②I'll have them paged and tell them you're here.
第一个表示“（美国国会或州立法会的）青年助理”【A page is a young person who takes messages or does small jobs for members of the United States Congress or state legislatures.】
第二个表示“（婚礼上新娘的）男伴童，小男傧相”【A page is a small boy who accompanies the bride at a wedding.】
If you describe a style, colour, or effect as understated, you mean that it is not obvious.
I have always liked understated clothes — simple shapes which take a lot of hard work to get right.
to try to find anything at all that will help you or give you hope in a difficult situation, when it is likely that you will find nothing.
This is a badly thought-out scheme from a Government clutching at straws.
这里再拓展一个表达，我们经常说“压垮骆驼的最后一根稻草”就可以翻译为“the last straw/the straw that broke the camel's back”【If an event is the last straw or the straw that broke the camel's back, it is the latest in a series of unpleasant or undesirable events, and makes you feel that you cannot tolerate a situation any longer.】
Then came the recession. Revenues dropped, but the straw to break the camel's back was the war.
a bottle of lemonade with a straw in it.
Quasi- is used to form adjectives and nouns that describe something as being in many ways like something else, without actually being that thing.
①The flame is a quasi-religious emblem of immortality.
②The commission decides such cases in a quasi-judicial role that usually prevents its members from public comment outside their hearings.
If something such as a weapon or drugs is planted on someone, it is put among their possessions or in their house so that they will be wrongly accused of a crime.
He claimed that the drugs had been planted to incriminate him.
①v. 给，对着（某人一吻）【If you plant a kiss on someone, you give them a kiss.】
She planted a kiss on each of his leathery cheeks.
②v.灌输（思想）【If you plant an idea in someone's mind, they begin to accept the idea without realizing that it has originally come from you and not from them.】
He hoped that he could plant the idea in such a way that Abramov would believe it was his own.
关于“灌输”，还有一个动词叫“inculcate”反复灌输 【If you inculcate an idea or opinion in someone's mind, you teach it to them by repeating it until it is fixed in their mind.】
We have tried to inculcate a feeling of citizenship in youngsters.
If you describe something as obscene, you disapprove of it very strongly and consider it to be offensive or immoral.
①It was obscene to spend millions producing unwanted food.
②His salary was obscene for three 40-minute shows a week.
“obscene”除了可以表示“卑鄙的，道德败坏的”，还可以表示“淫秽的；猥亵的；暴力的”【If you describe something as obscene, you mean it offends you because it relates to sex or violence in a way that you think is unpleasant and shocking.】我们之前在 Day 354| prurient, porn, voyeuristic, obscene讲过它的相近表达，感兴趣的小伙伴可以看看~
除此之外，该剧中还提到一个词“vile”，也可以表示“糟糕透顶的;讨厌的;恶劣的”【If you say that someone or something is vile, you mean that they are very unpleasant.】
Who could have carried out such a vile attack?
“sordid” 肮脏的；卑鄙的【If you describe someone's behaviour as sordid, you mean that it is immoral or dishonest.】
It was a sordid business, and I was not inclined to trouble myself with it further.
If you get wind of something, you hear about it, especially when someone else did not want you to know about it.
①If the I.R.S. gets wind of your rainy day fund, they could make me testify against you.
②They get wind of it, they'll just put him up against a wall.
③We can't let Cardinal Law get wind of this until we know what we have.
wind sb up 激怒某人
If you wind someone up, you deliberately say things which annoy them.
①完成、停止（When you wind up an activity, you finish it or stop doing it.）
The President is about to wind up his visit to Somalia.
Winding up the debate, she said: 'It would immediately put up interest rates.
②关闭，关停（企业或其他组织）（When someone winds up a business or other organization, they stop running it and close it down completely.）
There was no alternative but to wind up the business.
③摇上（车窗） （When you wind up something such as the window of a car, you make it move upwards by turning a handle.）
He started winding the window up but I grabbed the door and opened it.
④哄骗（If you wind someone up, you say untrue things in order to trick them.）
You're joking. Come on, you're winding me up.
used as a way of telling someone that you do not want to criticize them, disagree with them, or say something negative when in fact this is what you are doing.
①Far be it from me to criticize, but aren’t you being a little unreasonable?
②Well, far be it from me to stand in the way of a young man's dream.
To strew things somewhere, or to strew a place with things, means to scatter them there.
①By the end, bodies were strewn all round the headquarters building.
②The floor was strewn with clothes.
③Leaves strewed the path.
The way ahead is strewn with difficulties.
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