1.surmount

v.处于…上面;置于…顶端


英英释义:

If something is surmounted by a particular thing, that thing is on top of it.

例句:

The island is surmounted by a huge black castle.

岛的最高处耸立着一座巨大的黑色城堡。

拓展:

怎么说...其实这个词不算严格意义上的熟词生义,因为可能有些同学不认识这个词语。它作为动词最常见的意思是“克服;解决”【If you surmount a problem or difficulty, you deal successfully with it.】

2.bask

v.沉浸于,尽情享受(赞美、宠爱或崇拜)


英英释义:

If you bask in someone's approval, favour, or admiration, you greatly enjoy their positive reaction towards you.

例句:

He has spent a month basking in the adulation of the fans back in Jamaica.

他整整一个月都沉浸在牙买加影迷们的追捧中。

Livy smiled and basked in Rachel's approval.

莉薇微笑着,雷切尔的赞许令她如沐春风。

拓展:

从上述两个例句中可以看出,“bask”的这个意思需要和介词“in”搭配。bask本义是“(舒适地)晒太阳(取暖)”,其实延伸一下,晒太阳是一件很享受的事,所以延伸一下在精神层面的享受就是“赞美”啦~

3.sound

adj.(身体)健康的;(心智)健全的;(建筑)坚固的


英英释义:

If a structure, part of someone's body, or someone's mind is sound, it is in good condition or healthy.

例句:

①Although the car is basically sound, I was worried about certain areas.

尽管这辆汽车基本状况良好,我还是担心一些地方不够安全。

②His body was still sound.

他的身体仍然硬朗。

拓展:

大家好,这里又来给大家安利霉霉的歌曲 Safe and Sound ,其实它本身就是一个短语,表示“安然无恙”

例如:

He telegraphed that he had arrived in London safe and sound.

他电告他已平安抵达伦敦。

这里再补充一个“sound”一个很常见的意思,作为形容词还可以表示“(观点)正确的,明智的”【If you describe someone's ideas as sound, you mean that you approve of them and think they are correct.】

例如:

I am not sure that this is sound democratic practice.

我不能肯定这是正确的民主行为。

4.episode

n.患病期;(病症的)发作期


英英释义:

An episode of an illness is short period in which a person who suffers from it is affected by it particularly badly.

例句:

The new drug lessens the severity of pneumonia episodes.

新药减轻了肺炎发作时的痛苦。

5.register

v.表示,表达(情绪或意见)


英英释义:

If you register your feelings or opinions about something, you do something that makes them clear to other people.

例句:

①Voters wish to register their dissatisfaction with the ruling party.

选民希望表达他们对执政党的不满。

②Workers stopped work to register their protest.

工人罢工以示抗议。

拓展:

“register”的熟词生义也是一个高频考点,这里再补充两个意思:

①v.引起注意;(被)意识到;(使)留下印象【If a piece of information does not register or if you do not register it, you do not really pay attention to it, and so you do not remember it or react to it.】

例如:

The sound was so familiar that she didn't register it.

这个声音如此耳熟,她根本没怎么留意。

②(表情)流露,显露,显出【If a feeling registers on someone's face, their expression shows clearly that they have that feeling.】

例如:

Surprise again registered on Rodney's face.

罗德尼的脸上再次露出诧异的神情。


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Last modification:March 8th, 2021 at 11:24 pm
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