1.impoverished
adj.贫穷的、无力的、用尽了的

音标:[ɪmˈpɒvərɪʃt]

英英释义:

An impoverished person or place is very poor.

例句:

①They were impoverished by a prolonged spell of unemployment.

他们因长期失业而一贫如洗

注:

①prolonged adj.很长时间的、持续很久的

②spell:时期、一段时间

②Some people always take it as a quillet that our country is still too impoverished to appropriate sufficient money to develop education.

有些人总是以我们国家还穷,还不可能对教育有太大投入为借口。

注:

①quillet:n.搪塞、托辞

②appropriate:这里做动词,表示“拨出(款项)”【熟词生义】

③The earthquake struck an impoverished area, and multiple aftershocks ensued.

这起地震侵袭了一个贫困地区,随后还发生了多起余震。


2.destitute
adj.赤贫的;贫困的;一无所有的

音标:/'destɪtjuːt/

英英释义:

with no money or possessions.

例句:

①The few packages of food seemed a mockery in the face of such enormous destitution.

对于众多赤贫的人们,这几袋食物简直是杯水车薪

②Thus, whereas labour produces miracles for the rich, for the worker it produces destitution .

这样,虽然劳动为富人创造了奇迹,却给劳动者带来了赤贫。

拓展:

destitute的名词形式是“destitution”


3.indigent
adj. 贫穷的,贫困的,缺少钱财的

音标:/'ɪndɪdʒ(ə)nt/

英英释义:

Someone who is indigent is very poor.

例句:

Indigent places are often racked by chaos; but somewhat better-off ones are not necessarily more stable.

贫困的国家经常遭遇骚乱,但并不意味着经济状况稍好的国家就会更稳定。----《经济学人》

②Believe that indigent mothers and families should have access to healthy food and a roof over their heads and a strong public education.

贫困的母亲与家庭应当获得健康食物与栖身之所以及良好的公共教育。-----《奥普拉2013哈佛毕业演讲》

③The town government is responsible for assistance to indigent people.

镇政府负责给穷人提供帮助。
photo_2021-03-21_23-02-56.jpg


4.impecunious
adj.没钱的;一文不名的;一贫如洗的

音标:/ˌɪmpɪ'kjuːnɪəs/

英英释义:

Someone who is impecunious has very little money.

例句:

①The company then factors in the cost of a degree, after financial aid (discounts for the clever or impecunious that greatly reduce the sticker price at many universities).

公司然后在排除财政补贴(对于天资聪颖或一文不名的学生的补助很大程度上削减了很多大学学费的吊牌价)后,把获得学位的成本计入考量在财政补贴。

②He is impecunious , does not know anyone who can lend mony.

他身无分文,也不认识任何可以借钱的人。


5.deprived
adj.贫困的;贫穷的

音标:/dɪ'praɪvd/

英英释义:

Deprived people or people from deprived areas do not have the things that people consider to be essential in life, for example acceptable living conditions or education.

例句:

①Though his background was modest, it was in no sense deprived .

他的出身背景一般般,但绝算不上贫穷。

②They've been deprived of the fuel necessary to heat their homes.

他们无法得到住房取暖必需的燃料。

拓展:

这里补充一个短语:

be deprived of: 被剥夺;由…所引起;

例如:

①The criminals were deprived of their civil rights.

罪犯们被剥夺了公民权。

②You've deprived me of my freedom.

你剥夺了我的自由。


6.disadvantaged
adj.社会地位低下的;生活条件差的;贫困的

音标:/dɪsəd'vɑːntɪdʒd/

英英释义:

People who are disadvantaged or live in disadvantaged areas live in bad conditions and tend not to get a good education or have a reasonable standard of living.

例句:

The centre aims to help disadvantaged areas of Europe, mainly by fostering new businesses.

该中心旨在帮助欧洲的贫困地区,方法主要是通过扶持新型商业。


7.hard-pressed
adj.处于困境的;经济窘迫的;承受高压的

音标:

/'hɑ:dprest/

英英释义:

If someone is hard-pressed, they are under a great deal of strain and worry, usually because they have not got enough money.

例句:

The region's hard-pressed consumers are spending less on luxuries.

该地区的消费者经济窘迫,在奢侈品上的开销比以前少了。

拓展:

这里补充一个短语:

be hard-pressed to do sth 很难做到的;(做…)有困难的

【If you will be hard-pressed to do something, you will have great difficulty doing it.】

例如:

This year the airline will be hard-pressed to make a profit.

今年该航空公司将很难赢利。


8.penurious
adj. 吝啬的;缺乏的;贫困的

音标:/pɪ'njʊərɪəs/

英英释义:

extremely poor.

例句:

①Things have come full circle since penurious sailors from the Far East first arrived two centuries ago.

两个世纪前,来自远东的贫穷水手初来乍到;如今,中国人又来了。----《经济学人》

②One penurious year my parents used a Swiss cheese plant.

在经济拮据的一年,我父母曾用绳状藤来代替圣诞树。


9.privation
n.贫困;贫乏;困

音标:/praɪ'veɪʃ(ə)n/

英英释义:

If you suffer privation or privations, you have to live without many of the things that are thought to be necessary in life, such as food, clothing, or comfort.

例句:

①They endured five years of privation during the second world war.

第二次世界大战期间,他们忍受了5年的贫困生活。

②He looked upon privation as no hardship.

他不把忍饥受冻当作什么苦难。-----《月亮与六便士》


10.hardscrabble
adj. 贫脊的;非常穷困的

音标:/hɑːd'skræbl/

英英释义:

If you describe something, especially food or drink, as delectable, you mean that it is very pleasant.

例句:

①Mr Brooks had been a self-made man, raised on a hardscrabble tobacco farm in South Carolina.

②the sharecropper’s hardscrabble life

小佃农们穷困的生活


11.down and out
穷困潦倒的;无家可归的
英英释义:

If you describe someone as down-and-out, you mean that they have no job and nowhere to live, and they have no real hope of improving their situation.

例句:

①He looked unshaven, shabby, and down-and-out.

他看上去胡子拉碴、衣衫褴褛、穷困潦倒。

②They are both down-and-outs , sleeping under the city's oldest bridge.

他俩都是无家可归的人,露宿在城市最古老的桥下。


12.necessitous
adj. 贫困的;贫穷的
音标:/nɪ'sesɪtəs/

英英释义:

poor enough to need help from others.

例句:

①All the dreaded, necessitous decisions that one must make when arranging the funeral of a loved one

②What time was left to him, after these thousand details of business, and his offices and his breviary, he bestowed first on the necessitous , the sick, and the afflicted;

那些无穷尽的事务和他的日课以及祈祷所余下的时间,他首先用在贫病和痛苦的人身上;

③It is the most necessitous project.

这是最急需的项目。


13.underprivileged
adj.贫困的;弱势的
音标:/ʌndə'prɪvɪlɪdʒd/

英英释义:

Underprivileged people have less money and fewer possessions and opportunities than other people in their society.

例句:

①She donates large sums of money to help the plight of underprivileged people.

她还资助了许多生活窘困的人民。

②It provides free dance lessons to underprivileged children who have nowhere to practice.

该学院为没有地方练习的贫困儿童提供免费舞蹈课程。


14.penniless
adj.一文不名的;身无分文的
音标:/'penɪlɪs/

英英释义:

Someone who is penniless has hardly any money at all.

例句:

①They'd soon be penniless and homeless if she couldn't find suitable work.

她要找不到合适的工作,他们很快就会身无分文,无家可归。

②Jobless and penniless , he had to sleep rough in the fields for several months.

他既无工作又无钱, 只好在野外露宿数月。

注:rough 【熟词生义】adv.风餐露宿地;无家可归地;流浪地 (When people sleep or live rough, they sleep out of doors, usually because they have no home.)

拓展:

这个单词很好记忆,“penny”本身表示“便士”,词缀“less”表示“没有的”。所以这个单词的意思就是----身无分文的


15.poverty-stricken
adj.极为贫穷的;极其贫困的
音标:/'pɔvəti,strikn/

英英释义:

Poverty-stricken people or places are extremely poor.

例句:

①The Pope is visiting some of the most poverty-stricken areas of the city.

教皇正在走访该城一些最穷困的地方。

注:pope n.(天主教)教皇

②Osolase preyed on poverty stricken Nigerian orphan.

Osolase的主要走私目标是贫穷的尼日利亚孤儿。


16.badly-off
adj.缺钱的;贫穷的
英英释义:

If you are badly off, you do not have much money.

例句:

It is outrageous that people doing well-paid jobs should moan about how badly off they are.

那些有着高薪工作的人竟然还抱怨自己多么缺钱,真是过分。

拓展:

“badly off”除了可以表示“缺钱的;贫穷的”以外,还可以表示“处于困境的;境况不佳的 ”【If you are badly off, you are in a bad situation.】

例如:

The average working week in Japan is 42.3 hours, compared with 41.6 in the UK, so they are not too badly off .

日本每周平均工作时间为42.3小时,和英国的每周41.6小时相比,他们的情况并不算太糟。

除此之外,这个单词的比较级形式是“worse off


17.live hand to mouth
勉强糊口,非常贫穷
英英释义:

to have just enough money or food to stay alive.

例句:

①I have a wife and two children and we live from hand to mouth on what I earn.

②The village of Cuestecita is typical of the desperate hand-to-mouth economy that exists on the fringes of Cerrejon.

③My father earned very little and there were four kids, so we lived from hand to mouth.


18.stony broke
英英释义:

very poor, or without any money.

例句:

After a day at the RACES I was left stony broke .

一天赛马会下来,我一贫如洗。

拓展:

这个短语比较少见,用的也比较少,大家只需要混个眼熟就好~


19.needy
adj.贫苦的;穷困的
音标:

/'niːdɪ/

英英释义:

Needy people do not have enough food, medicine, or clothing, or adequate houses.

例句:

①There will be efforts to get larger amounts of food to the needy .

将努力为贫困者筹措更多的食品。

②They awarded scholarships to needy students.

他们给贫苦学生颁发奖学金。


20.skint
adj.不名一文的;身无分文的
音标:/skɪnt/

英英释义:

If you say that you are skint, you mean that you have no money.

例句:

①" Which makes you pretty skint , witless, " said a cackling voice.

“会使你变成个穷光蛋,傻瓜!”一个声音尖笑着说。

②But he's fast learning that things are a bit more basic when you're living skint .

但是他很快发现,当一个人身无分文的时候,需要的东西其实就是那么几件基本的。

③Can you lend me 20 quid? It's just that I'm absolutely skint .

能借我20镑吗? 最近手头太紧。


21.in queer street
英英释义:

someone who is in queer street does not have very much money or owes other people a lot of money.

例句:

He lost all his money gambling and now he's really in Queer Street .

他把钱都输光了,现在可真狼狈了。


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Last modification:March 29th, 2021 at 10:32 pm
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