An impoverished person or place is very poor.
①They were impoverished by a prolonged spell of unemployment.
②Some people always take it as a quillet that our country is still too impoverished to appropriate sufficient money to develop education.
③The earthquake struck an impoverished area, and multiple aftershocks ensued.
with no money or possessions.
①The few packages of food seemed a mockery in the face of such enormous destitution.
②Thus, whereas labour produces miracles for the rich, for the worker it produces destitution .
Someone who is indigent is very poor.
①Indigent places are often racked by chaos; but somewhat better-off ones are not necessarily more stable.
②Believe that indigent mothers and families should have access to healthy food and a roof over their heads and a strong public education.
③The town government is responsible for assistance to indigent people.
Someone who is impecunious has very little money.
①The company then factors in the cost of a degree, after financial aid (discounts for the clever or impecunious that greatly reduce the sticker price at many universities).
②He is impecunious , does not know anyone who can lend mony.
Deprived people or people from deprived areas do not have the things that people consider to be essential in life, for example acceptable living conditions or education.
①Though his background was modest, it was in no sense deprived .
②They've been deprived of the fuel necessary to heat their homes.
be deprived of: 被剥夺；由…所引起；
①The criminals were deprived of their civil rights.
②You've deprived me of my freedom.
People who are disadvantaged or live in disadvantaged areas live in bad conditions and tend not to get a good education or have a reasonable standard of living.
The centre aims to help disadvantaged areas of Europe, mainly by fostering new businesses.
If someone is hard-pressed, they are under a great deal of strain and worry, usually because they have not got enough money.
The region's hard-pressed consumers are spending less on luxuries.
be hard-pressed to do sth 很难做到的;（做…）有困难的
【If you will be hard-pressed to do something, you will have great difficulty doing it.】
This year the airline will be hard-pressed to make a profit.
①Things have come full circle since penurious sailors from the Far East first arrived two centuries ago.
②One penurious year my parents used a Swiss cheese plant.
If you suffer privation or privations, you have to live without many of the things that are thought to be necessary in life, such as food, clothing, or comfort.
①They endured five years of privation during the second world war.
②He looked upon privation as no hardship.
If you describe something, especially food or drink, as delectable, you mean that it is very pleasant.
①Mr Brooks had been a self-made man, raised on a hardscrabble tobacco farm in South Carolina.
②the sharecropper’s hardscrabble life
11.down and out
If you describe someone as down-and-out, you mean that they have no job and nowhere to live, and they have no real hope of improving their situation.
①He looked unshaven, shabby, and down-and-out.
②They are both down-and-outs , sleeping under the city's oldest bridge.
poor enough to need help from others.
①All the dreaded, necessitous decisions that one must make when arranging the funeral of a loved one
②What time was left to him, after these thousand details of business, and his offices and his breviary, he bestowed first on the necessitous , the sick, and the afflicted;
③It is the most necessitous project.
Underprivileged people have less money and fewer possessions and opportunities than other people in their society.
①She donates large sums of money to help the plight of underprivileged people.
②It provides free dance lessons to underprivileged children who have nowhere to practice.
Someone who is penniless has hardly any money at all.
①They'd soon be penniless and homeless if she couldn't find suitable work.
②Jobless and penniless , he had to sleep rough in the fields for several months.
注：rough 【熟词生义】adv.风餐露宿地;无家可归地;流浪地 （When people sleep or live rough, they sleep out of doors, usually because they have no home.）
Poverty-stricken people or places are extremely poor.
①The Pope is visiting some of the most poverty-stricken areas of the city.
②Osolase preyed on poverty stricken Nigerian orphan.
If you are badly off, you do not have much money.
It is outrageous that people doing well-paid jobs should moan about how badly off they are.
“badly off”除了可以表示“缺钱的；贫穷的”以外，还可以表示“处于困境的；境况不佳的 ”【If you are badly off, you are in a bad situation.】
The average working week in Japan is 42.3 hours, compared with 41.6 in the UK, so they are not too badly off .
除此之外，这个单词的比较级形式是“worse off ”
17.live hand to mouth
to have just enough money or food to stay alive.
①I have a wife and two children and we live from hand to mouth on what I earn.
②The village of Cuestecita is typical of the desperate hand-to-mouth economy that exists on the fringes of Cerrejon.
③My father earned very little and there were four kids, so we lived from hand to mouth.
very poor, or without any money.
After a day at the RACES I was left stony broke .
Needy people do not have enough food, medicine, or clothing, or adequate houses.
①There will be efforts to get larger amounts of food to the needy .
②They awarded scholarships to needy students.
If you say that you are skint, you mean that you have no money.
①" Which makes you pretty skint , witless, " said a cackling voice.
②But he's fast learning that things are a bit more basic when you're living skint .
③Can you lend me 20 quid? It's just that I'm absolutely skint .
21.in queer street
someone who is in queer street does not have very much money or owes other people a lot of money.
He lost all his money gambling and now he's really in Queer Street .
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