An illustrious person is famous and respected because of what they have achieved.
①He enjoyed a long and illustrious career as a radio producer.
②All sorts of illustrious and influential persons lent their names to our national culture.
A person or place that is renowned for something, usually something good, is well known because of it.
①This restaurant is renowned for its cuisine.
②He is one of the world’s renowned writers.
His renown has spread throughout the country.
除此之外，“renowned”的搭配通常是“be renowned for ”或者“be renowned as ”
①The area is renowned for its Romanesque churches.
②James was renowned as a forward thinker.
A celebrated person or thing is famous and much admired.
①He was soon one of the most celebrated young painters in England.
②Today, he's one of Asia's most celebrated chefs.
Publicly written and talked about in an admiring way.
①Yousson N'Dour is an internationally acclaimed singer with impressive potentials.
②She's one of their most acclaimed actresses.
①Were the world just and Swedish-speaking, Scheele would have enjoyed universal acclaim .
②These chaotic canvases won rapid acclaim and attention.
An eminent person is well-known and respected, especially because they are good at their profession.
①It was an eminently respectable boarding school.
②Watson was eminent among his contemporaries.
If you describe a person or their work as distinguished, you mean that they have been very successful in their career and have a good reputation.
①These distinguished individuals came and went, singly as a rule.
②He disclaimed the possession of any great quickness of apprehension or wit, such as distinguished Huxley.
“distinguished”除了可以表示“著名的”，还可以表示“高贵的;尊贵的;高尚的 ”【If you describe someone as distinguished, you mean that they look very noble and respectable.】
Distinguished guests , your excellency, good afternoon, I'm Karry Wang from China.
它最常见的搭配即“distinguished guests ”，表示“贵宾”
To be noted for something you do or have means to be well-known and admired for it.
①A television programme noted for its attacks on organised crime.
②Lawyers are not noted for rushing into change.
这个单词最常见的搭配是“be noted for”,也是一个比较好用的小词~
Someone who is prominent is important.
The most prominent Luminist painters were Martin Johnson Heade and FitzHugh Lane.
《经济学人》：【a prominet psychologist】
“prominent”除了可以表示“著名的”，还可以表示“显著的；突出的；鲜艳的；引人注目的”【Something that is prominent is very noticeable or is an important part of something else.】
《经济学人》里也用到了表达 【prominent breakthroughs】
Notables are important or powerful people.
①Elected by local notables for nine years Senators lack the democratic legitimacy of members of the National Assembly.
②The notables include five Senators, two Supreme Court judges and three State Governors.
Something that is proverbial is very well-known by a lot of people.
①His mastery of the French language was proverbial .
②He is a proverbially dour New England Puritan.
A prestigious institution, job, or activity is respected and admired by people.
①It's one of the best equipped and most prestigious schools in the country.
②Her first novel won a prestigious literary prize.