otherwise

音标:/'ʌðəwaɪz/

具体用法:

①You use otherwise after stating a situation or fact, in order to say what the result or consequence would be if this situation or fact was not the case.【adv.否则;不然】

举个栗子:

I'm lucky that I'm interested in school work, otherwise I'd go mad.

我很庆幸自己对学习怀有兴趣,不然我会疯掉的。(这个意思是最常见的~)

②You use otherwise before stating the general condition or quality of something, when you are also mentioning an exception to this general condition or quality.【adv.除此以外;在其他方面】

举个栗子:

The decorations for the games have lent a splash of colour to an otherwise drab city.

为运动会所作的装扮给原本毫无生气的城市增添了一抹亮色。

再来看两个《经济学人》的例子:
IMG_6309.JPG
IMG_6310.JPG
电影《海边的曼彻斯特》中也出现了:
IMG_6311.PNG
③You use otherwise to refer in a general way to actions or situations that are very different from, or the opposite to, your main statement.【adv.与之不同地;相反地】

举个栗子:

All photographs are by the author unless otherwise stated.

若无特殊说明,所有照片均出自该作者。

④You use otherwise to indicate that other ways of doing something are possible in addition to the way already mentioned.【adv.以其他方式;用别的方法】

举个栗子:

The studio could punish its players by keeping them out of work, and otherwise controlling their lives.

电影公司能通过让艺人坐冷板凳来惩罚他们,并采用其他方式控制他们的生活。

“otherwise”的意思主要就是这上面四个,除此之外,还有一个很常见的短语:and/or otherwise 及其他;或相反;或其反面 【You use or otherwise or and otherwise to mention something that is not the thing just referred to or is the opposite of that thing.】

举个栗子:

He didn't want company, talkative or otherwise .

他不想跟人搭伴,不管这个伴儿是否健谈。

barge in
(粗鲁地)打断(某人说话),打扰(某人做事)

英英释义:

If you barge in or barge in on someone, you rudely interrupt what they are doing or saying.

例句:

①I'm sorry to barge in like this, but I have a problem I hope you can solve.

很抱歉这样打扰您,但是我有个问题希望您能解决。

②Sheldon, you cannot just barge in here like that! Right.

谢尔顿,你不能就这么闯进来啊! 你说得对。

③You have no right to barge in here after five years.

你无权在五年后再次闯进这里。

Matt Haig的新书 The Midnight Library 也出现了这个表达:
IMG_6312.JPG


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Last modification:April 14th, 2021 at 11:51 pm
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