1.audacious

2.intrepid

3.valorous

4.dauntless

5.fearless

6.gallant

7.game

8.indomitable

9.bold

10.courageous

11.heroic

12.plucky

13.valiant

14.venturesome

15.daring

16.gritty

17.adventurous

18.lionhearted

19.prow

1.audacious

音标:/ɔː'deɪʃəs/

英英释义:

Someone who is audacious takes risks in order to achieve something.

例句:

①He described the plan as ambitious and audacious.

他把这项计划说成是雄心勃勃, 敢于冒险。

②Your plan of going abroad is an audacious decision.

你计划出国是一项大胆的决定。

③The more audacious and daring the better.

想法越大胆越好。

2.intrepid

adj.勇敢的;无畏的

音标:/ɪn'trepɪd/

英英释义:

An intrepid person acts in a brave way.

例句:

①Some intrepid individuals were still prepared to make the journey.

某些无畏的人仍然准备作此旅行。

②The intrepid explorers reached the South Pole.

勇敢的探险家到达了南极。

拓展:

“intrepid”这个词来自“trepid”,“trepid”表示“adj. 惊恐的;胆小的;不安的”~

3.valorous

adj. 勇敢的,勇武的,无畏的

音标:/'vælərəs/

例句:

①Seed your tears deep in your heart it will grow up to valorous flowers.

把眼泪种在心里,会开出勇敢的花朵。

②Throughout the coming years, he would commit great and valorous deeds.

在今后的岁月中,他将成就勇敢而伟大的功绩。

拓展:

“valorous”这个词来自“valor”,“valor”这个词作为名词表示“勇敢”

4.dauntless

adj.勇敢的;无畏的

音标:/'dɔːntlɪs/

英英释义:

A dauntless person is brave and confident and not easily frightened.

例句:

Dauntless in spirit,they became steeled through hardship.

他们不屈不挠,在艰苦的生活中锻炼得更加坚强了。

②They had audacious ideas and are dauntless to make a change.

他们有大胆的想法,不畏艰险地做出改变。

拓展:

“dauntless”这个词来源于“daunt”,“duant”作为动词可以表示“使胆怯;使气馁”,所以后面加了“less”后缀就很好理解啦~

5.fearless

adj.无畏的;无惧的;大胆的

6.gallant

音标:/'gæl(ə)nt/

英英释义:

If someone is gallant, they behave bravely and honourably in a dangerous or difficult situation.

例句:

The gallant soldiers lost their lives so that peace might reign again.

英勇的战士们为恢复和平献出了生命。

拓展:

“gallant”这个词比较特殊,名词形式是“gallantry”

除此之外,“gallant”还有两个很常见的意思:

第一个意思是:adj.(对女子)殷勤的,彬彬有礼的 【If a man is gallant, he is kind, polite, and considerate towards women.】

例如:

Douglas was a complex man, thoughtful, gallant , and generous.

道格拉斯让人捉摸不透,他体贴周到,对女孩子颇为殷勤,而且慷慨大方。

第二个意思是“adj.顽强的;奋力的【A gallant effort or fight is one in which someone tried very hard to do something difficult, although in the end they failed.】

例如:

He died at the age of 82, after a gallant fight against illness.

他在与疾病进行了顽强的抗争后故去,享年82岁。

7.game

adj.甘愿尝试(新鲜或不平常事物)的;有冒险精神的

熟词生义

英英释义:

If you are game for something, you are willing to do something new, unusual, or risky.

例句:

①After all this time he still had new ideas and was game to try them.

过了这么久,他依然不乏新点子并敢于去尝试。

②He said he's game for a similar challenge next year.

他说他明年还愿意接受类似的挑战。

电影《消失的爱人》也出现了这个表达:
IMG_0038.PNG

拓展:

当然“game”也有对应的副词形式:gamely 表示“勇敢地;顽强地【If you do something gamely, you do it bravely or with a lot of effort.】

例如:

Mary Ann smiled at her gamely .

玛丽·安鼓起勇气朝她笑了笑。

8.indomitable

adj.不屈不挠的;不气馁的;不服输的

音标:/ɪn'dɒmɪtəb(ə)l/

英英释义:

If you say that someone has an indomitable spirit, you admire them because they never give up or admit that they have been defeated.

例句:

①Demonstrating indomitable courage, he fought to regain the use of his legs, particularly through swimming.

凭着大无畏的勇气,他努力复原他的腿,特别是通过游泳这项运动。

②A selfless man has an indomitable spirit.

人不为己,顶天立地。

9.bold

10.courageous

adj.勇敢的;有胆量的;无畏的

音标:/kə'reɪdʒəs/

这个词大家都认识,在此就不赘述,记得留意一下它的发音哦。

11.heroic

adj.英雄的;英勇的

音标:

/hɪ'rəʊɪk/

/hə'roɪk/

英英释义:

If you describe a person or their actions as heroic, you admire them because they show extreme bravery.

例句:

His heroic deeds were celebrated in every corner of India.

他的英雄事迹在印度广为传颂。

拓展:

从这个词可以看出它是由“hero”延伸开来。

再补充一个:它的名词复数形式“heroics”表示“(愚蠢或危险的)逞英雄行为【If you describe someone's actions or plans as heroics, you think that they are foolish or dangerous because they are too difficult or brave for the situation in which they occur.】

举个栗子:

He said his advice was: 'No heroics , stay within the law'.

他说自己的建议是:“不要逞英雄,要遵纪守法。”

12.plucky

adj.有勇气的;有胆量的

音标:/'plʌkɪ/

英英释义:

If someone, for example a sick child, is described as plucky, it means that although they are weak, they face their difficulties with courage.

例句:

The plucky schoolgirl amazed doctors by hanging on to life for nearly two months.

这名勇敢的女生坚持不放弃生命近两个月的精神令医生感到震惊。

13.valiant

adj.勇敢的;果决的;无畏的

音标:/'vælɪənt/

英英释义:

A valiant action is very brave and determined, though it may lead to failure or defeat.

例句:

Despite valiant efforts by the finance minister, inflation rose to 36%.

尽管财政部部长采取了一系列果决措施,通货膨胀率还是涨到了36%。

14.venturesome

adj.有冒险精神的;大胆的

音标:/'ventʃəs(ə)m/

英英释义:

If you describe someone as venturesome, you mean that they are willing to take risks and try out new things.

例句:

And in all honesty, I confess that this venturesome excursion was far from displeasing to me.

但白说,我承认这种冒险的游历使我觉得痛快。

拓展:

大家可以看出这个词从“venture”延伸开来。“some”为形容词词缀

15.daring

adj.大胆的;敢于冒险的;勇于创新的

16.gritty

adj.坚毅的;勇敢的

音标:/'grɪtɪ/

英英释义:

Someone who is gritty is brave and determined.

例句:

①We have to prove how gritty we are.

我们必须证明我们有多么勇敢无畏。

②A gritty determination to avoid humiliation.

坚决避免蒙受羞辱。

拓展:

gritty这个词,其实它的本义是“含沙砾的;覆有沙砾的;沙砾般的【Something that is gritty contains grit, is covered with grit, or has a texture like that of grit.】

举个栗子:

The sheets fell on the gritty floor, and she just let them lie.

床单掉到满是沙砾的地板上,她都没去捡。

“gritty”还有另外一个意思,表示“(对艰难或令人反感的情形的描述)逼真的,真实的,活生生的【A gritty description of a tough or unpleasant situation shows it in a very realistic way.】

举个栗子:

His most celebrated work is the film classic, 'Woman in the Dunes,' a gritty look at survival in an extreme environment.

他最负盛名的作品是经典影片《砂之女》,该片对极端环境下的艰难求生进行了逼真的刻画。

这里再补充一个词:nitty-gritty 表示 本质;实质;基本事实 【If people get down to the nitty-gritty of a matter, situation, or activity, they discuss the most important, basic parts of it or facts about it.】

举个栗子:

The city's newspapers still attempt to get down to the nitty gritty of investigative journalism.

该市报纸仍在试图厘清调查性新闻的实质。

17.adventurous

adj.勇于冒险的;敢于创新的;

音标:/əd'ventʃ(ə)rəs/

英英释义:

Someone who is adventurous is willing to take risks and to try new methods.

例句:

Warren was an adventurous businessman.

沃伦是个敢于冒险的商人。

拓展:

从这个词可以看出,它由“adventure”拓展开来。

18.lionhearted

adj.勇猛的,豪胆的

音标:/'laɪənhɑːtɪd/

英英释义:

extremely brave.

19.prow

adj.勇敢的


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Last modification:May 1st, 2021 at 10:12 pm
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