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词汇积累 | dereliction of duty

• May 20, 2021 • 翻译·译事随笔

[scode type="blue"]dereliction

破败;弃置;年久失修[/scode]

音标:/derə'lɪkʃ(ə)n/

英英释义:

If a building or a piece of land is in a state of dereliction, it is deserted or abandoned.

例句:

The previous owners had rescued the building from dereliction.

这座建筑之前的业主将其从破败不堪的状况中挽救了出来。

拓展:

其实关于这个单词,更常见的表达是:dereliction of duty 失职;渎职;玩忽职守【Dereliction of duty is deliberate or accidental failure to do what you should do as part of your job.】

举个栗子:

He pleaded guilty to wilful dereliction of duty .

他承认犯有玩忽职守罪。

China Daily 一篇关于资源保护的文章 Trees felled at forest farm to plant fruit 也出现了这个表达:

IMG_0303.JPG

提到“渎职”,我又联想到另一个同义表达:malpractice 营私舞弊;玩忽职守;渎职 【If you accuse someone of malpractice, you are accusing them of breaking the law or the rules of their profession in order to gain some advantage for themselves.】

举个栗子:

There were only one or two serious allegations of malpractice .

只有一两起有关营私舞弊的严重指控。

[scode type="blue"]

in lieu of

代替…;作为…的替代[/scode]

例句:

If you do, get, or give one thing in lieu of another, you do, get, or give it instead of the other thing, because the two things are considered to have the same value or importance.

例句:

He left what little furniture he owned to his landlord in lieu of rent.

他把自己仅有的那点家具留给了房东抵房租。

拓展:

同时,这个短语也可以直接用in lieu 的形式,表示“…以代之【If you do, get, or give something in lieu, you do, get, or give it instead of something else, because the two things are considered to have the same value or importance.】

举个例子:

an increased salary or time off in lieu .

加薪或代之以休假

Romain Gary的小说 Promise at Dawn 也出现了这个表达:

IMG_0304.JPG

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