熟词生义

英英释义:

When you retire, you go to bed.

例句:

①She retires early most nights, exhausted.

她大多数晚上都觉得精疲力尽,很早就睡了。

②Some time after midnight, he retired to bed.

午夜过后,他上床就寝。

拓展:

关于“retire”的这个意思其实也挺常见的。这里再补充一个关于它的“熟词生义”,作为动词,还可以表示‘退庭;休庭【When a jury in a court of law retires, the members of it leave the court in order to decide whether someone is guilty or innocent.】

举个栗子:

The jury will retire to consider its verdict today.

陪审团今天将退庭商议裁决结果。

还有一个更常见的意思,表示:退出,离开(去别的地方) 【If you retire to another room or place, you go there.】

比如:

Eisenhower left the White House and retired to his farm in Gettysburg.

艾森豪威尔离开白宫,退隐到他在葛底斯堡的农场。

音标:

/snuːz/

英英释义:

① A snooze is a short, light sleep, especially during the day.【n.(尤指在白天的)小睡,打盹儿】

②If you snooze, you sleep lightly for a short period of time.【v.小睡;打盹儿】

例句:

Patients are given an extra 15 minutes to snooze before being woken gently.

在被轻轻叫醒之前,病人还有 15 分钟的小睡时间。

拓展:

从这个词的英文释义可以看出“snooze”一般侧重“打盹”。

音标:

/'slʌmbə/

英英释义:

Slumber is sleep.

例句:

①He had fallen into exhausted slumber .

他累得睡着了。

②He roused Charles from his slumbers .

他把查尔斯从睡梦中叫醒。

阅读词汇

音标:

/sɪ'estə/

英英释义:

A siesta is a short sleep or rest which you have in the early afternoon, especially in hot countries.

例句:

They have a siesta during the hottest part of the day.

他们会在一天中最炎热的时刻小睡一会儿。

拓展:

这是一个西语,也是一个阅读词汇,大家只需要混个眼熟即可~

英英释义:

to go to bed.

拓展:

这是一个俚语表达,一般在口语中多见。

比如电影《前程似锦的女孩》出现了:hit the hay

IMG_0390.PNG

动画片《咱们裸熊》也出现了:

IMG_0391.PNG

英英释义:

When you turn in, you go to bed.

例句:

Would you like some tea before you turn in ?

你睡前想喝杯茶吗?

拓展:

这也是“informal”的用法。

除此之外,“turn in”常见的意思还有:

上交;提交;交付

比如:

I want everybody to turn a report in .

我希望每个人都上交一份报告。

把(犯罪嫌疑人)交给警方;告发;检举;自首

比如:

There would be strong incentives to turn someone in .

向警方举报某人将获重赏。

英英释义:

If you get off, or get off to sleep, you succeed in falling asleep.

例句:

I can't get off because I was frightened if there was a ghost spring up.

音标:

/draʊz/

英英释义:

If you drowse, you are almost asleep or just asleep.

例句:

Nina drowsed for a while.

尼娜打了会盹。

音标:

/'kætnæp/

英英释义:

If you describe something, especially food or drink, as delectable, you mean that it is very pleasant.

例句:

Could you come back later? We're taking a little catnap .

待会再来好吗? 我们睡个午觉。

音标:

/'haɪbəneɪt/

英英释义:

Animals that hibernate spend the winter in a state like a deep sleep.

例句:

①Dormice hibernate from October to May.

榛睡鼠从10月冬眠到5月。

Hibernating insects begin to move.

蛰伏的昆虫们开始活动。

拓展:

大家注意,这个词一般指“动物”的冬眠哦~

IMG_0392.PNG


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Last modification:May 30th, 2021 at 01:21 am
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